County Information - Oneida
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Situated in the geographical center of New York State. Comprised of productive farmland, forested areas,
industrialized urban areas and suburban communities, Oneida County is a county of contrasts. The principal
geographical feature, the Mohawk River Valley, bisects the county in an east-west direction. It was through
this historic valley that early Native American trails, trappers’ routes and early military routes were located.
When permanent settlement by the Europeans began, the Mohawk River Valley was a primary route of
Oneida County is in the central portion of New York State, east of Syracuse, and west of Albany. Oneida Lake
is on the northwestern corner of the county, and the Adirondack Park is on the northeast. Part of the Tug Hill
Plateau is in the northern part of the county.
The Erie Canal bisects the county. Oneida Lake and Oneida Creek form part of the western boundary.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,256 km² (1,257 sq mi). 3,141 km² (1,213
sq mi) of it is land and 115 km² (44 sq mi) of it (3.53%) is water.
* Lewis County, New York - north
* Herkimer County, New York - east
* Otsego County, New York - southeast
* Madison County, New York - southwest
* Oswego County, New York - west
Once, the main product of Oneida County was silverware, chiefly manufactured at Oneida Ltd.'s headquarters
in Sherrill. In January 2005, the company ceased manufacturing their product, closing its main plant and
selling its assets. 
Currently the largest non-governmental, non-healthcare product of Oneida County is gambling. Turning Stone
Casino Resort is an enterprise of the Oneida Indian Nation of New York, and the largest private employer in
Oneida County. 
As of the census² of 2000, there were 235,469 people, 90,496 households, and 59,184 families residing in the
county. The population density was 75/km² (194/sq mi). There were 102,803 housing units at an average
density of 33/km² (85/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 90.21% White, 5.74% African American,
0.23% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.11% from other races, and 1.52% from two or
more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.20% of the population.
There were 90,496 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them,
49.10% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present,
and 34.60% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the
average family size was 3.02.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.20%
from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38
years. For every 100 females there were 98.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were
The median income for a household in the county was $35,909, and the median income for a family was
$45,341. Males had a median income of $32,194 versus $24,295 for females. The per capita income for the
county was $18,516. About 9.80% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line,
including 18.90% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.
Rome | Sherrill | Utica
Annsville | Augusta | Ava | Boonville | Bridgewater | Camden | Deerfield | Florence | Floyd | Forestport |
Kirkland | Lee | Marcy | Marshall | New Hartford | Paris | Remsen | Sangerfield | Steuben | Trenton | Vernon |
Verona | Vienna | Western | Westmoreland | Whitestown
Barneveld | Boonville | Bridgewater | Camden | Clayville | Clinton | Holland Patent | New Hartford | New York
Mills | Oneida Castle | Oriskany | Oriskany Falls | Prospect | Remsen | Sylvan Beach | Vernon | Waterville |
Whitesboro | Yorkville
* Oneida County, New York official site
* Oneida County Information
* Oneida County town histories
* Summary history of Oneida County
Oneida County is a county located in the U.S. state of New
York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 235,469.
The county seat is Utica. The name is in honor of the Oneida,
an Iroquoian tribe that formerly occupied the region.
Year Organized: 1798
Area: 1,213 Square Miles
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