County Information - Oswego
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The county name is from the Iroquois word meaning "the outpouring," referring to the mouth of the Oswego
River. Oswego County is bounded by the Oneida and Oswego rivers, Lake Ontario and Oneida Lake. Native
people used the rivers and lakes as highways for centuries and there were campsites with names such as Kah-
ne-wo-nah (Iroquois) “Place of the Tall Pines” in Phoenix, Caugh-de-noy (Iroquois) “Eel Lying Down” in the
hamlet of the same name, and Se-ugh-kay (Oneida) “Lake Pours Out” at the mouth of the Oneida River in
Oswego County is in northwestern New York State, just north of Syracuse and northwest of Utica, on the
eastern shore of Lake Ontario. Part of the Tug Hill Plateau is in the eastern part of the county and, at 1550', is
the highest point.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,399 km² (1,312 sq mi). 2,469 km² (953
sq mi) of it is land and 929 km² (359 sq mi) of it (27.35%) is water.
There are two harbors in the county, Oswego Harbor at the mouth of the Oswego River and Port Ontario on the
Salmon River. The first major port of call on the Great Lakes is the Port of Oswego Authority dock.
The town of Orwell is officially designated as "dry".
* Lewis County, New York - northeast
* Jefferson County, New York - northeast
* Oneida County, New York - east
* Madison County, New York - southeast
* Onondaga County, New York - south
* Cayuga County, New York - southwest
* Lake Ontario and Canada - northwest
As of the census² of 2000, there were 122,377 people, 45,522 households, and 31,228 families residing in the
county. The population density was 50/km² (128/sq mi). There were 52,831 housing units at an average
density of 21/km² (55/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.17% White, 0.59% African American,
0.41% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 0.93% from two or
more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.30% of the population.
There were 45,522 households out of which 35.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them,
52.80% were married couples living together, 10.80% had a female householder with no husband present,
and 31.40% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.70% had
someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the
average family size was 3.08.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 28.90%
from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35
years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were
The median income for a household in the county was $36,598, and the median income for a family was
$43,821. Males had a median income of $34,976 versus $23,938 for females. The per capita income for the
county was $16,853. About 9.70% of families and 14.00% of the population were below the poverty line,
including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 9.50% of those age 65 or over.
Fulton | Oswego
Albion | Amboy | Boylston | Constantia | Granby | Hannibal | Hastings | Mexico | Minetto | New Haven | Orwell
| Oswego | Palermo | Parish | Redfield | Richland | Sandy Creek | Schroeppel | Scriba | Volney | West Monroe
Altmar | Central Square | Cleveland | Hannibal | Lacona | Mexico | Parish | Phoenix | Pulaski | Sandy Creek
Albion Center | Amboy Center | Arthur | Bardeen Corners | Beecherville | Bernhards Bay | Bowen Corners |
Bowen's Corners | Boylston Center | Bundy Crossing | Butterfly Corners | Cains Corners | Carley Mills |
Carterville | Catfish | Caughdenoy | Centerville | Chateaugay | Clifford | Colosse | Constantia | Constantia
Center | Cribbs Corners | Cummings Bridge | Demster | Demster Beach | Doris Park | Drakes Corner | Dugway |
Dutcherville | East Amboy | East Boylston | East Palermo | Fairdale | Farley Corners | Fruit Valley | Furmiss |
Gayville | Gilbert Mills | Graftons Square | Granby Center | Greenboro | Hannibal Center | Happy Valley |
Hastings | Hastings Center | Hinmansville | Howardville | Ingalls Crossing | Kasoag | Lansing | Lewis Corners |
Little France | Loomis Corner | Lycoming | Mallory | Mallory Station | Maple Hill | Maple View | McMahon
Corners | Morse | Mosher Corners | Mud Hill | Mungers Corners | New Haven | New Scriba | Nicholsville | North
Amboy | North Boylston | North Constantia | North Church Corner | North Hannibal | North Scriba | North
Shores | North Volney | Orwell | Oswego Beach | Oswego Center | Palermo | Panther Lake | Peacock Corners |
Peat Corners | Pekin | Pember Corners | Pennellville | Pineville | Plantz Corners | Pleasant Point Crossing |
Prattham | Red Mill | Redfield | Ricard | Roosevelt Corners | Russ Mills | Sala | Sand Ridge | Sandy Pond |
Scriba | Shephard Corners | Smartville | South Granby | South Hannibal | South New Haven | South Scriba |
Southwest Oswego | Stewart Corners | Stillwater | Sutton Corner | Texas | The Elms | Toad Harbor | Upson
Corner | Vermillion | Volney | Vorea | Vorhees Corners | Wellwood | West Amboy | Williamstown
* Oswego County, NY Government site
* Links to the early history of Oswego County, NY
* Oswego County history pages
Oswego County is a county located in the U.S. state of New
York. As of 2005, the estimated population was 122,377.
The city of Oswego serves as the county seat.
Year Organized: 1816
Area: 953 Square Miles
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