County Information - Madison

This section was at one time the seat of the Oneida Indians, of the famed Iroquois Confederacy; the Oneida
Castle site was chosen with true Indian sagacity as their village. It rested at the foot of one of the largest
valleys, occupied by the Chenango River. The area, in general, was characterized by rolling highland, with
exceptionally steep slopes, subsiding into flat, swampy land. The Oneidas thus had abundant opportunities for
crude agriculture in rich soil and for unexampled fishing. The Oneidas were invaluable friends to the English
and helped to check French expansion on this continent. Eventually, the Oneidas moved west. President
James Madison is memorialized by the county’s name.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,713 km² (662 sq mi). 1,699 km² (656 sq
mi) of it is land and 15 km² (6 sq mi) of it (0.86%) is water.

Madison County is located in west central New York State, east of Syracuse, north of Binghamton, and slightly
north of due west from Albany. Madison County contains the geographic center of the state at Pratts Hollow in
the Town of Eaton.

Oneida Lake and Oneida Creek define part of the northern boundary. Chittenango Creek defines part of the
western boundary.

Adjacent Counties

* Oneida County, New York - northeast
* Otsego County, New York - southeast
* Chenango County, New York - south
* Cortland County, New York - southwest
Onondaga County, New York - west
* Oswego County, New York - northwest


As of the census² of 2000, there were 69,441 people, 25,368 households, and 17,580 families residing in the
county. The population density was 41/km² (106/sq mi). There were 28,646 housing units at an average
density of 17/km² (44/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 96.49% White, 1.32% African American,
0.52% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.84% from two or
more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population.

There were 25,368 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them,
55.10% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and
30.70% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone
living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family
size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 12.00% from 18 to 24, 27.60%
from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36
years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were
93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,184, and the median income for a family was
$47,889. Males had a median income of $33,069 versus $25,026 for females. The per capita income for the
county was $19,105. About 6.30% of families and 9.80% of the population were below the poverty line,
including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over.

Much of Madison County is rural. However, Oneida and the other towns along NY Route 5 are suburbs of
Syracuse and Utica, as is Cazenovia.


Brookfield | Cazenovia | DeRuyter | Eaton | Fenner | Georgetown | Hamilton | Lebanon | Lenox | Lincoln |
Madison | Nelson | Smithfield | Stockbridge | Sullivan

Canastota | Cazenovia | Chittenango | DeRuyter | Earlville | Hamilton | Madison | Morrisville | Munnsville |


External links

* Madison County, NY
* Brief history of Madison County
* Early Madison County history
* Madison County Bicentennial web page
Madison County - New York
Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of New
York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 69,441.

It is named after James Madison, fourth President of the United
States of America. Its county seat is Wampsville.

Population: 69,441
Year Organized: 1806
Area: 656 Square Miles
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County Information - Madison
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